Echo Services

Technical Support

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                   ECHO WEB PAGE INSTRUCTIONS 

This document contains crucial information that you absolutely must read 
before attempting to upload your HTML documents to Echo's web server. If 
you are an experienced web site developer, most of this will be review. 
If, after reading this document, you still encounter difficulty, Echo can 
offer referrals for web site consultants. Call us at 212-627-7566 for details.

There are several ways to upload your text files and images to the Echo
web server. The most popular and painless method for the Macintosh is to
use a program called Fetch. We strongly suggest that you use Fetch for 
all of your file transfer needs.

If you do not have Fetch on your hard disk, you can get it via the
Internet by using Netscape or any other World Wide Web browser. If you
have difficulty with a company's browser, call the firm's technical
support staff.

       The URL for the Fetch home page is:

To establish a connection, go to File...New Connection. Here are
the Fetch settings to establish a connection with Echo:

    UserID:	(your Echo userID)
    Password:	(your Echo password)
    Directory: /home/(your userID)/public_html

Note: substitute your actual userid for "your userID" above.

Now click on the OK button to initiate the connection.

When Fetch connects to your directory, double-click on the
public_html directory (if you are not already there). 
You may click on the "put" button to place text and images 
on our server within your public_html directory.

       HTML file suffix:       html, htm
       GIF file suffix:        GIF, gif
       JPEG file suffixes:     jpg, JPG, jpeg, JPEG
       Sound suffix:           au, wav, aiff
       QuickTime suffix:       mpeg

IN YOUR public_html directory, or in a subdirectory thereof.

If you encounter difficulty using Fetch, visit its home page. It
contains everything you need to know. This document is just the basics.

If you are unable to use Fetch, or do not currently have PPP access
you'll need to dialup to Echo, upload the files from your computer to 
your home directory, then type:

Login and type "put" and your file will be transferred from your
home directory on Echo to your directory on the web server.


Often you may want to edit your HTML documents, remove them, or
perhaps copy them to another place. You may also want to change the
permissions on each file and image you upload. Here's how:

Via Telnet:

Go to File...Open Connection. A window will pop up, and will prompt you for:

       Host/Session Name:
       Window Name: Leave this blank

       Terminal: Leave this blank
       Authenticate: Leave this unchecked

Hit Return, and your telnet session will begin.

Enter your usual login and password, both lowercase. You're in.

Echo's web server is Unix-based. Here are some UNIX commands you will need:

       ls		to list filenames
       ls -l	to show permissions on all files
       mv		to rename or move a file
       mkdir	to make a new directory
       chmod	to change the permissions on a file.
       rm		to delete a file
       pico		to edit a file using pico, a text editor


You must set the proper permissions for your web directory.
For your public_html directory they should look like this:

To check the permissions on your public_html directory, type:

       cd /home/youruserid		#youruserid is a generic file name
       ls -l public_html		#shows you the contents of your directory

If the permissions on your public_html do not look like the above,
type chmod 755 public_html to set them properly.

ALL HTML FILES MUST BE STORED IN YOUR public_html directory, or in
a subdirectory thereof.
The first page that you want people to see when they enter your
address ( is called index.html. Do not
change the name of index.html, otherwise the site's welcome page will not

In addition, all of these files (images, text and sound) must have
the read-by-others permission set on. This allows people to see your web
pages. The permissions should look like this:

       If they do not, type chmod 644 filename.

       Type ls-l | more to make sure.

These are the basics to UNIX; if you like, Echo can provide basic
UNIX consulting at $80/hr, with a 2-hour minimum.

---------------------- Windows Instructions Below -------------------------

WS_FTP instructions
Echo Communications Group, Inc.
Revised: August 1996

These instructions assume basic familiarity with the Windows 3.1 or 
Windows 95/98 operating system. WS_FTP is a file transfer program that 
requires some initial configuring, but little more.

Installing the Windows Icon for WS_FTP (Win 3.1 users)

From the Program Manager, activate the group that will hold the WS_FTP
icon. Click on the File selection on the menu bar. Click on New and select
the Program Item radio button. In the Description text box enter the name
that will appear under the icon, something truly imaginative such as

In the Command Line text box enter the path and program name.
The format is drive-letter:\path-name\program-name. 

Once you've completed this section, launch WS_FTP.

Creating a Profile

A "profile" is composed of several pieces of information. Here, you'll
learn how to create a profile for Echo's web server. You do this only

1. Click on the New button.

2. Enter a label (Echo Web Server) for the ftp site in the Config Name box.

3. In the Host Name box, enter the Internet address:

4. For Host Type, choose Automatic Detect.

5. For User ID, type your login name on Echo.

6. For Password, enter your password.

7. Leave the Account field blank.

8. For Remote Dir, enter the full path name for your HTML directory

#Note: userid is a generic name.  Replace it with your own userID.

9. Make sure the Anonymous Login check box is unchecked and the Save
Password and Auto Save Config check boxes are both checked.

10.  Click on the Save button. You've just created your first ftp profile.


Once connected, your directories and files on Echo will be shown in the
bottom (or right) half of the window (directories at top/on left, files at
bottom/on right). You can scroll through the lists to see the complete

To transfer files, select the appropriate method using the ASCII (text) or
(non-text) Binary radio buttons in the bottom right hand corner of the
window. HTML documents should be transferred as text. Images (GIFs and
JPEGS), sounds, and movies should be transferred as binary. 

4.To put a file (transfer a file to Echo from your PC), highlight the file
in the Local System list and press the Send (-->) button on the control

5. You can rename a file on the Remote System by using the Rename button
on the Remote System control bar. (Use the Rename button to change files
with a .htm extension to a .html extension.)

6. To get a file (transfer a file from Echo to your PC), highlight the
file in the Remote System list and press the Receive button on the
control bar. 

7. To transfer multiple files, first select them one at a time with the
mouse while holding down the Ctrl key on your keyboard. Then follow the
"put" or "GET" procedures listed above.

8. When you're done, click the Close button and then the Exit button. 

(revised 5/99)

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Copyright 1998, Echo Communications Group, Inc. Questions? Comments? Contact us!